Some and a 2018 report from an 11 member tribal collaboration with GLIFWC about threatened species in the Great Lakes region.

"Various concerns regarding waawaashkeshi were mentioned during the interviews, with most of them focusing on the health of the animals. A tribal member referred to waawaashkeshi as a canary in a coal mine–when waawaashkeshi health and population declines, its habitat is not healthy. The recent rise in chronic wasting disease (CWD) and contaminates such as lead are directly impacting the harvest of waawaashkeshi. It was also noted that there seem to be more cases of CWD in southern Wisconsin, which a tribal member feels is due to the waawaashkeshi not having access to the proper plants (such as northern white cedar and Canada yew) to medicate itself and a loss of their habitat due to logging. One tribal member estimates that the waawaashkeshi herd in northwestern Wisconsin has decreased 50 percent between 2010 and 2015."

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