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Structural systems have four basic forces to overcome:
compression, tension, bending, and shear.

Bending happens when a weight or force is placed a suboptimal distance from its support. Bending strength is a measure of the horizontal load-carrying capacity of a variety of wood: girders, rafters, and floor joists all require high bending strengths. Shear, in mechanics, means a thrust outward at right angles to the stress. With these basic structural reactions in mind, various framing systems can be evaluated and compared in relation to strength per unit of material and time expended in fabrication.

Below snippets and drawings from "The owner-built home" by Ken Kern: _The Mother Earth News_ No. 13, January 1972

"Wood was inefficiently used, or course, by early settlers in building cabins of massive logs cut from trees. Later, with the advent of power-driven sawmills, wood frames having lighter members were developed and less wood was required. The post-and-girder structural system provided a transition between the log cabin and the vertical stud wall system of construction, which in some ways, marks a decline from the post and girder system."

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Skilled laborers and . That's right. Who wouldn't be thrilled to pay their brothers union wages?

It's what happening at the , where we are getting close to framing after what can only be described as an amazing site preparation job by one dedicated GC-to-be, my bruh Ben.

HE HAS AN INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD UNION CARD AND EVERYTHING. :)

Continuing the discussion on framing systems, a few other human-centric thoughts about variation of styles in (or not in) the "longhouse". TBH I wasn't expecting these things to be so specific, but eh.

Portland's have some areas where the architectural styles of the neighborhoods is definitely inspired by (prevalent) of Japanese thinking. In other nearby places, the expression is more rare, w/ only a garden path.

The "in between" spots are all wrong, though: the necessity of on-foot (and we're not talking sidewalks, but trails) travel has been completely ignored by generations of developers in their ff vehicles.

There is, in this region's history, another dark past (similar to oppression of locally-indigenous peoples) that zero of the Realtor-types would ever be able to acknowledge properly. READ: wweek.com/arts/2019/12/03/surv

So it is no surprise the difficulties the architect we hired had in trying to finish the project's rebuild design; as the is for all practical purposes, a small zen-inspired cottage. It just never had its porch and mudroom finished properly.

She took 7 months and broke the good faith contract we offered. But we paid her garish fees anyway. is better way to go.

P.S. These styles suck:
- Thomas (as in Jefferson)
- Greco-Roman
- Mission (Spanish colonial)
- garish (WS colonial-era 1700's
1800's, 1900's)

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