Reading about the Bayou:

"The Chitimacha subsisted on maize, potatoes, and wild game. They preferred deer, alligator, and aquatic species. Hunting and fishing were accomplished with the aid of bone, stone, or garfish scale pointed arrows, or through the use of blow guns and wooden darts, as well as, nets and traps for fishing. The Chitimacha were prolific ceramics producers until about 200 years ago when those techniques were lost to history, however the designs are said to have been similar to those employed in basketry.

The crown jewel of the Chitimacha cultural tradition is river cane basketry, both single and double woven. According to tribal legend, basketry was taught to the Chitimacha by a deity and has been practiced by tribal families for thousands of years. There are at least 50 different design elements, which can be combined to create hundreds of different basket designs.

At the time of contact with European explorers and other non-indigenous populations, the Chitimacha were known as the most powerful tribe between Texas and Florida. Iberville, an early French explorer, encountered the Chitimacha and one of their subdivisions, the Washa along the shores of the Mississippi River in 1699. In 1706, as a response to slave raids and French aggressions, a group of killed St. Cosme, a priest and slave owner, and several members of his party, who were missionaries to the Natchez Tribe. Bienville responded to this by convincing other tribes to help them make war on the Chitimacha. This war lasted until 1718 when a Chitimacha Chief met Bienville in the fledgling city of New Orleans. A treaty establishing peace was signed and a ceremony was held, which ended the long war in which the majority of the tribal members were annihilated. In the twelve years of conflict, many Chitimacha were forced into slavery and were the most enslaved of any population in Louisiana during that time period."

and friendly reminder:

"Saints" are a colonial invention. They are part of the settler tradition to attempt to "reframe" what actually happened in the past 528 years, to minimize the horrific severity of what their ancestors (both white settlers from Europe who displaced and killed Native Americans on their conquests west, AND Spanish Conquistadors who similarly plundered and murdered Indians' villages and people as they traveled north) did. Spanish "colonial" style extravagances of large crosses and churches and missions are evidence of this genocidal history.

Settler histories are predicated on faulty notions that the continental landmass today which contains the US of A was available for the taking. Religious falsehoods about saints were beaten into children forced to attend Indian Boarding Schools. The texts of history books were embellished to disguise or mask the truly horrific abuse and genocidal historical events.

Native media site with so many facts the average person doesn't know:

From "End" _Plight Of The Redman_ by XIT

"The Indian has been out there on the ghetto of the reservation for a long long time

We have existed without adequate food, clothing, shelter, or medicine, to name but a few

In their place we have been given malnutrition, poverty, disease, suicide, and bureaucratic promises of a better tomorrow

Your America has not been the land of your proclaimed liberty and justice for all

May your God forgive you

The treatment of our people has been a national tragedy and disgrace

The time has come to put an end to that disgrace"

iNaturalist has an algorithm-based tool that kind of works (and sometimes it really doesn't work) for identifying some species based on things like leaf shape, location, flower petals, color, etc. But it only works if something has been identified before and exists in the database. If you have a less-than-ideal image capture, or is something it doesn't already know about it
doesn't work as well, either. It can help narrow results.

If the "suggested" species that it tries to identify
something as doesn't look right, people sometimes help out with their suggestions, too.

Not always, though. Sometimes when there are two (or more than two), like

the UI doesn't quite accommodate categorization.

Another downside is that it uses primarily the Euro-centric 'Latin' names of plants, which are not what we called them pre-Columbus. The native words of a locally-indigenous plant and IDs can be more
tricky, but not impossible. There's a place called Tualatin Valley Wildlife Refuge that
has -- get this -- cutouts of the Atfalat'i people with literal "footnotes" by their feet. Apparently there was some consultation back-in-the-day. Can you imagine how frustrating it must be for them who modern settlers are still trying to write-off as footnotes?

White settlers cannot stand it when the narrative spins out of their control.

Both of these tribes were acknowledged by name at the MarkCharles2020 event in E Portland.

Related tangent:

The visitor center also has some info on invasive species of the region, which is how I knew that the scoparius "scotch broom" my bruh and I removed from a forest in the Grand Ronde region is, indeed, invasive.

iNaturalist doesn't explain any of this, and also sometimes can't tell an insect from a monkey.


A "disappearing bog" or a "permafrost slump" are a couple things it has been called. What it is is a on the geology of an arctic region that has had "permanent" ice for 2+ years.

The main thing to make note of, should you come across one of these things in the wild, is that it has a muddy sinking floor. This sinking is the result of sub-surface ice melting. The land on top of the ice can no longer sustain without solid ice, so it literally sinks an entire ecosystems built on top of it.

Here's a story about what one indigenous group in Canada is doing to monitor and assess damages:

"Cholo is an Indigenous Guardian, part of a federally funded environmental stewardship program that monitors the health of the land and species on their traditional territory.

Cholo does most of the environmental monitoring during the summer on behalf of the Liidlii Kue First Nation in Fort Simpson, N.W.T. When he gets to an area with permafrost slumps, he takes photos with a camera that tracks GPS data. He records this data and gives it to the First Nation.

A few weeks ago, Cholo packed into a classroom in Fort Simpson with a dozen other local Indigenous leaders and guardians to take a workshop on digital mapping, which would take his observations from the paper to the computer. "[1]

"Thaw slumps are common permafrost mass-wasting features, and consist of a headwall made predominantly of ice and a muddy slump floor."[4]





When people ask why does (Arctic National Wildlife Refuge) need protection from both Canadian and the US governments, it is because of animals like this, and the people who've lived along side them for thousands of years.

"[Wolverine] den sites on the North Slope may be melting earlier in the year than at wolverine den sites in the Rockies."

"Female wolverines, which birth a litter of kits every one to three years, live with their young for about a year. “We have pictures from reproductive dens of the mother with her kits,” Glass told me. “They spend a lot of time just playing. They’ll play with each other, and then they’ll go bug mom, who’s taking a nap. It looks like a family scene from any species you can think of. They’re cute and roly-poly.”

"The quality of its cloth is prized and valuable, warm, water resistant, long lasting, washable, soft, mothproof, flexible and white. In Polynesia, the loom and weaving of fibers did not occur, possibly because there were no mammals of size to provide hair. Cotton, flax, hemp and silk were not produced.

Wauke grows best in moist areas, along streams, in forests, wherever soil is rich, and where there is protection from the wind. ... Keiki grow from roots of established plants, so the wauke grove extends outwards naturally."[1]

"One ancient legend reveals the story of Maikoha, who after living years with his daughters, became weak and ill. Nearing death, he summoned his daughters and commanded them to carefully obey his instructions: "When I die, bury my body close to the waters of our pleasant stream. A tree will grow from that burial place. This tree will be to you for kapa, from which you will make all things good for clothing as well as covering when you sleep or are ill. The bark of this tree is the part you will use."

After Maikoha died, his daughters dutifully carried out his bidding and a new plant, such as they had never seen before, with small spreading branches, grew at his burial site. It was the wauke tree.

The daughters believed it was a gift from the 'aumakua, or spirits of ancestors. Reverently, they removed some branches, stripped off the bark and pounded the pieces until they were meshed into a crude type of cloth. Thus they made kapa, "the beaten thing.""[2]



The Cherokee nation is offering heirloom to tribal citizens interested in growing traditional crops.

"Last year, the Cherokee Nation gave away almost 10,000 packages of seeds to its tribal citizens. Cherokee Nation officials are committed to this program because it helps to keep the Cherokee culture and history alive.

This year’s offering of heirloom seeds includes Cherokee Colored Corn, Trail of Tears Beans, Georgia Candy Roaster Squash, a variety of gourds, Indian corn beads and Native plants such as the American Basket Flower, Jewelweed and Wild Senna"

In , the Earth-respecting indigenous rights leader elected by the people... that leader has been replaced with an unstable, psychotic, delusional, and insane "bible thumper."

“It’s the same as 500 years ago when the Spanish came and the first thing they showed the indigenous people was the Bible,” said Jose Saravia, a civil engineer from La Paz. “It seems to me like the same thing is happening again.”"

Spanish "conquistadors" who hit South America with their greed-driven profit motives, their desire to build churches and other monuments to the patriarchal, commercial, and anti-spiritual... those conquistadors are just as awful as the European colonists who came to North America intrusively spreading their similar delusions. Once you "know" that Christianity and Catholicism are insane-people religions, you can't unknow the truth.

On every continent where people struggle against the insatiable appetites of the sick and delusional men, Ecosteader sends .

Of all the provinces in CA, Alberta is the worst:

"Indigenous inmates make up 45 per cent of all people in Alberta's federal prisons."

Other parts of Canada have it just as bad:

"Indigenous people account for roughly five per cent of the population in Canada, but when it comes to federal custody Zinger said they now account for more than 30 per cent of the federal inmate population, up from 25 per cent four years ago.

Indigenous women now account for 42 per cent of women in federal custody.

Zinger said despite the findings of royal commissions and national inquiries, court interventions and political promises, over the last three decades, "no government of any stripe has managed to reverse the trend of Indigenous over-representation in Canadian jails and prisons."

"The Indigenization of Canada's prison population is nothing short of a national travesty," he wrote. "

"We will not be taken off the maps"

NARF is asking indigenous people to ensure the 2020 Census does not ignore them; since homelands are being DIRECTLY AFFECTED BY SETTLER GREED it is imperative that the damages be made apparent to the perpetrators. Repatriation with representation is the only solution:

"... a senior attorney with the Native American Rights Fund, said even though front-line workers are doing their best, the census won’t get an accurate count in Alaska.

“I want to tell every American Indian and Alaska Native to be counted as an act of rebellion because this census is designed not to count you,” said Landreth. “It is designed for you to not have [congressional] districts. It is designed for you to not have federal monies,” said Landreth. “Make yourself heard because I don't think they want to hear from you.”

The bureau “had what our Senate delegation told us was more than sufficient funding for the census,” said Landreth. “I said, ‘if that's the case, how come zero dollars are being spent on language assistance in Alaska with the highest percentage of Native language speakers per capita in the United States?’"

Washington state finally appointed a Native American justice to the state Supreme Court for the first time, since its founding in 1889. Wow.

The conversation about how to stop systems perpetuating via bias is important. Watch her talk about it:

“We can’t undo all of that, but we can be conscious that it exists,” she said. “The conversation is important.”

Prepare to be woke:

"Montoya-Lewis will join a court that is majority female, with six women and three men, and includes a Latino justice, Steven Gonzalez, and the first openly gay and Asian American justice, Mary Yu.

Washington is one of 11 states, including Oregon, with majority female Supreme Courts, according to the National Center for State Courts."

Inslee first appointed Montoya-Lewis to the Whatcom County Superior Court in 2014. She was subsequently elected to the position. Previously, Montoya-Lewis served as chief judge for the Nooksack, Skagit and Lummi tribes. She has also served as a tribal appellate judge and taught at Western Washington University."

Book Club 2020?

_Unsettling Truths_ is a fantastic read so far; the others I've quoted here (or, as in the Bioneers' efforts to maximize sharing indigenous knowledge, quoted research that quotes other expert writing or language).

From a 1991 Leadership Summit (October 24-27, 1991, in Washington DC)

"Environmental justice opposes military occupation, repression and exploitation of lands, peoples and cultures, and other life forms."

Selected quotes from Dina Gilio-Whitaker's books / writings as she discusses some of these principles today ( ~2019)

"Specific to Indigenous peoples, principle eleven claims that "environmental justice must recognize a special legal and natural relationship of Native Peoples to the U.S. government through treaties, agreements, compacts, and covenants affirming sovereignty and self determination."

This is why efforts to reverse the death spiral the human race is currently on must begin with a reorientation to the natural world and other human beings. It cannot generate solely from a different orientation to economics. Re-imagining societies based on sustainability demands that we think relationally and spatially.

I am talking about two different but intertwined concepts here. First, environmental justice for Indigenous peoples must proceed not from a framework of environmental racism, but from a history of colonialism which is maintained in an ongoing structural relationship of domination and paternalism between the US and tribal nations, to which the nations have never consented. This includes but is ultimately beyond racism because colonization begins with ideas of cultural and religious superiority (i.e. the doctrine of Christian discovery), not racial superiority."

TL;DR: The Deepwater Horizion oil disaster was manmade stupidity and as peoples' correct opposition of and right to remove that stupidity.

"Fortunately, in recent years the ideological gaps between Native peoples and environmentalists have been closing as a result of greater dialogue between the groups. Education about how stereotypes harm Native peoples, and about laws that protect tribal sovereignty also contribute to the healing of these rifts. Environmentalists have discovered that in the big picture they have more in common with Native peoples than not, and that working together they build strong alliances that can accomplish their mutual goals. Campaigns like Summer Heat in 2013 brought together with Idle No More to collectively say “no” to the fossil fuel industry. The movement at Standing Rock was a stunning display of coalition building between diverse groups to protect the water of millions of people in North Dakota. And in Southern California, a victory against the building of a toll road in San Clemente, and more recently, the protection of open space in Newport Beach from a mega-development happened because of smart alliances between environmentalists and Native nations.

"The modern environmental movement, generally recognized as having its origins in 1962 with the publication of Rachel Carson’s seminal book Silent Spring, built upon preservation and conservationist principles, and continued the legacy of indigenous erasure. So when Native people asserted their treaty-guaranteed rights to particular cultural practices, they were often met with fierce opposition from environmentalists. [Such] misunderstandings were firmly rooted in tropes of wilderness purity and Native peoples as inactive agents within their environments."

Methods of working with natural materials of the earth have been around for centuries.

An arid desert southwest made for some especially interesting challenges in designing an . The best architects of their time (the 1100's) were anything but primitive in their intelligent use of precious desert water.

Most of this data I have been gathering for years (extensive research for a fictional book that was to be rooted in actual historical context). The research part of novel writing is sometimes arduous, and can itself take decades and yield many surprises along the way.

The first two episodes of this series (2013) on OPB (PDX area PBS station) tonight:

"Pilgrims & Tourists"
"Profit & Loss"
"Fire & Ice"

To swear the oath required of new lawyers in Alberta, the "default Bible" is no longer the only option; newly-minted lawyers can now be sworn with a sacred eagle feather.

"In tribal gynocratic systems a multitude of personality and character types can function positively within the social order because the systems are focused on social responsibility rather than on denial-based social fictions to which human beings are compelled to conform by powerful individuals within the society"

"4. The physical and cultural genocide of American Indian tribes is and was mostly about patriarchal fear of gynocracy. The [insert western Christian denominations] missionaries ... could not tolerate peoples who allowed women to occupy prominent positions and decision-making capacity at every level of society."

"In the centuries since the first attempts at colonization in the 1500s, the invaders have exerted every effort to remove Indian women from every position of authority, to obliterate all records pertaining to gynocratic social systems, and to ensure that no American and few Americans would remember that gynocracy was the primary social of Indian America prior to 1800."

"6. Western studies of American Indian tribal systems are erroneous at base because they view tribalism from the cultural basis of patriarchy and thus either discount, degrade, or conceal gynocratic features or re-contextualize those features so that they will appear patriarchal."

All quotes from _The Sacred Hoop_, a compilation of essays by Paula G. Allen

Lots of new folks to welcome to Ecosteader! I enjoyed reading why you want to join, and am glad you are here.

Please make yourself at home. Feel free to post an intro and some piece of nature that inspires you: park life, wild plants, or plants you're growing for wildlife... as Autumn moves on, there's so much beauty out there.

As I've mentioned before, it was not my original plan to make a server focused on climate-change related things; but that stuff does belong here: to keep track as best we can of what works and to learn from what are obviously intractable mistakes of colonials.

As bad as it gets, there are always small victories as we lend support to relatives. Like you, I want to focus mostly on the good, on what we can build or do better... we can do this.

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We stand with Wet'suwet'en. Decolonize your thinking: "Traditional Ecological Knowledge" (TEK) is the most valuable asset you can have as the world continues to sink deeper into the chaos and destruction of broken, inequitable, and faulty colonial systems that value money over Earth's many forms of life. We encourage you to join us on a better path as we build and participate in an Ecological Democracy that includes #AllThePeople as envisioned by a Navajo Nation member running as an Independent candidate for President. #LivingWalls, not border walls. And please keep boycotting Home Depot!